The United Nations considers terrorism to be the peace time equivalent of war crimes. Despite strong national and international reactions against the act of claiming the lives of numerous innocents, terrorism continues to be prevalent in India and abroad. India has been and thousands of innocents have lost their lives at the perpetrators of these hate crimes. This article compiles a list of ten of the deadliest terror attacks which India has witnessed.
Top Ten Deadliest and Shocking Terrorist Attacks In India
The 1993 Mumbai Serial Bomb Blasts
The 1993 Mumbai Blasts are one of the most ghastly coordinated terrorist attacks which claimed the lives of three hundred and fifty seven people and injured around seven hundred and twenty others. The attacks were targeted at the Bombay Stock Exchange building, Sahar international airport, a fishermen’s colony, various hotels and markets.
Pakistan’s intelligence service, Inter Services Intelligence, in coordination with one of the most dreaded terrorists of all times, Dawood Ibrahim. The Memon brothers, Tiger and Yakub, were also involved in the appalling bombings. While Dawood Ibrahim and Tiger Memon are still out at large, Yakub Memon was hanged to death on the 30th of July 2015, amidst intense protest after the rejection of his mercy petition.
The Mumbai Train Blasts of 2006
On the 11th of July 2006, life came to a standstill in the nation’s financial capital when a chain of seven bomb blasts rocked the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. Two hundred and nine people lost their lives after bombs placed in pressure cookers exploded along the railway line. Over seven hundred people were injured and/or maimed after the disastrous attacks.
The police in July 2006 arrested three members of the banned terrorist organization, SIMI for involvement in the attacks. Another arrest was made in 2013. Two days after the dreadful bombings, a terrorist organization, Lashkar-e-Qahhar, claimed responsibility for the blasts through an email to the Indian media.
The 26/11 Mumbai Terror Attacks
It was the evening of the 26th of November, 2008, when the blissfully unsuspecting people of Mumbai were going about their usual course of business. Upon hearing certain noises, they dismissed it as some cracker noises by the people celebrating the victory of India in a cricket match against Pakistan. Little did they know that very soon one hundred and sixty four of their very own would be dead victims to a horrific terror attacks.
The 26/11 Mumbai attacks which lasted for four days, beginning from the 26th of November 2008 till the 29th of November 2008, left 164 people dead and a minimum of three hundred and eight injured. Eight of these twelve attacks were concentrated in Southern Mumbai, including popular destinations like the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, The Chattrapati Shivaji Stadium, the Oberoi Trident Hotel and Saint Xavir’s College among others. The terrorists were armed with the powerful AK-47s to undertake this heinous task.
Out of the ten perpetrators who were trained by Lashkar – e- Taliba, only one survived. The surviving gunman, Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab, was initially incarcerated in the Arthur Road Jail in Mumbai, and a couple of days before his execution, he was secretly transferred to Yerwada Jail in Pune, where in a secret operation, he has hanged to death on the morning of 21st November 2012.
The Assam bombings of 2008
On the 30th of October 2008, the North Eastern city of Guwahati, along with a few other neighboring Assamese regions, witnessed a horrific terror arrest with nearly eighteen bomb blasts claiming the lives of eighty one people and injuring around four hundred and seventy others. The bombing which took place at noon immediately after the Diwali vacation, was extremely unexpected. What is even more baffling is that in the very next year, another series of blasts claimed the lives of nine people in Guwahati.
Jaipur Bomb Blasts of 2008
A string of nine synchronized bomb blasts on the 13th of May, 2008, in the Pink City claimed the lives of sixty three and injured approximately two hundred and sixteen people. The city is a popular tourist destination for travelers from India and abroad and the bombing was scheduled for the busiest time of the day at popular tourist destinations and monuments like the Hawa Mahal. A couple of days later, the dreaded Islamic militant group, Indian Mujahideen, in an email to the media, claimed involvement in the bombings with an aim to topple the faith of the infidel Hindus.
Fourteen Islamic terrorist were accused of being responsible for the attacks. However, out of these fourteen, eleven were acquitted in December 2011.
The Delhi Serial Blasts of 2005
While the unwary citizens of Delhi were robustly abuzz with Diwali preparations, a series of blasts shocked the national capital on the 29th of October 2005, exactly two days before the festival of lights. The bombings which took place in markets of Central and South Delhi and a bus in the Southern part of the capital (Govindpuri), claimed the lives of sixty two innocent people and injured around 210 others. The Sarojini Nagar and Paharganj markets, which were aimed by the bombers, are extremely popular flea markets with a huge footfall.
The Islamic Revolutionary Front, an Islamic terrorist organization, is said to be the mastermind behind these gruesome attacks. The Delhi Police arrested the chief suspect of the bombings, Tariq Ahmad Dar, and the suspect behind the Govindpuri bombings, Mohammed Rafiq Shah.
The 2001 Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly Attacks
The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, on the 1st of October 2001, shook under a series of bomb blasts which claimed the lives of thirty eight innocents. The perpetrators belonged to the militant organization, Jaish-e-Mohammed. The attack was carried out by three suicide bombers who drove into the vicinity in a Tata Sumo and then rammed into the premises of the Assembly.
The 2002 Akshardham Temple Terrorist Attack
On the 24th of September 2002, the world watched in horror as thirty three devotees who were peacefully engaged in spiritual activities in the Gandhinagar Akshardham temple, were massacred by unidentified terrorists. Apart from these thirty three unfortunate devotees, were the even more unfortunate eighty survivors, who not only got brutally injured but also saw their loved ones collapse before their very eyes. The perpetrators used automatic guns and hand grenades to cause this widespread damage. They jumped over the seven foot high fence and undertook the killing spree, not sparing even infants and the frail elderly.
Six people were rounded up by the Gujarat Police and booked under TADA, POTA and IPC. They were sentenced to varying terms ranging from death penalty to life imprisonment to simple imprisonment. However, in May 2012, all six of them were acquitted by the Supreme Court, owing to lack of any incriminating evidence and procedural lapses.
The 2010 German Bakery Bomb Blast, Pune
The German Bakery in Pune, which was a popular hangout spot for Indians and foreign nationals alike, witnessed a horrendous blast which claimed seventeen lives, including four unsuspecting foreigners, and injured or maimed around sixty others. David Headley, a notorious Pakistani terror perpetrator, is accused of involvement in the blasts.
Out of the six suspects identified by the Delhi Police, the Pune District Court awarded death sentence to Himayat Baig, a member of the Indian Mujahideen, in 2013.
The Parliament Attack of 2001
13th December 2001 was another blotch in the Indian history when Jaish-e-Mohammed and Lashkar-e-Taliba terrorists battered the Indian Parliament house, leaving fourteen (including the five terrorists themselves and police personnel) dead. The terrorists carrying AK-47 rifles, used a car with a fake identity sticker, thereby breaching the Parliament security.
Apart from the five terrorists who were killed o the spot after the suicide bomb vest of one of the terrorists exploded, four more Pakistani national were accused of involvement in the aforesaid attacks. Out of these, the mastermind, Afzal Guru was hanged in a secret operation in Tihar jail, New Delhi on the morning of February 9th, 2013, after his clemency petition was rejected by the President of India.
This article is written by Aasavri Rai and her introduction is as below,
Hi! I am Aasavri and I’m currently pursuing BA LLB (Hons.) from National Law University, Delhi. Apart from spending my time in academic research, mooting and other co-curricular activities on campus, I indulge in various diverse activities. Reading (fiction mostly), while sipping strong coffee and plugging my earphones in, is an extremely soothing exercise for me. Though I make very few efforts to burn any calories, walking and swimming are my all time favorites. I love travelling and shopping. I have a special place in my heart for beaches and water sports are my all-time favorite pastime. Being in Delhi also affords me the pleasure of checking out cafes and restaurants quite often and discovering the inner foodie in me. After graduating, I wish to pursue further studies, before embarking on a specific career path.
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